The Cardiovascular System
The cardiovascular system, also known as the circulatory system, is a transport system in the body that consists of the heart, blood vessels, and the blood that the blood vessels carry.
Diseases of the Cardiovascular System
HTN: Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, occurs when there is an increased pressure on the walls of the blood vessels in the body. It can be the cause of several diseases in the heart, Kidney, or endocrine system.
CHF: Congestive Heart Failure occurs when the heart is no longer able to adequately circulate blood through the surrounding tissues and the lungs
CAD/Angina: Coronary Artery Disease is one of the most common heart diseases and is one of the causes for heart attacks. It is caused by a buildup of plaque on the walls of the arteries.
MI: Myocardial Infarction, also known as a heart attack, occurs when there is a lack of oxygen to the heart tissue. At this point, the tissue begins to die. It is caused by blockages in the coronary arteries
Athero/Arteriosclerosis: It is a hardening and narrowing of the arteries, which restricts blood flow and makes it difficult for things to flow through the arteries. It is caused by a buildup of plaque in the arteries.
HLD: Hyperlipedemia: This is abnormally high levels of lipids (fats) in the blood stream. Sometimes the causes for this is genetic, and other times it is caused by diseases such as Diabetes.
Anemia: This is a decreased amount of res blood cells and/or hemoglobin in the blood. It is one of the most common blood diseases with symptoms like fatigue, shortness of breath, and weakness.
Valvular Stenosis: This occurs when the heart valves are faulty and do not work right. They don't open all the way because of the stiff flaps of the valve.
Cardiomyopathy: This is a progressive heart disease where the heart is abnormally large, thick, or rigid. Because of this, the heart cant pump blood as well.
Pericardial Disease: Also known as pericarditis, This is the inflammation of any of the layers of the pericardium. This can either be acute, occurring suddenly, or chronic, happening for an extended period of time.
For more review on the subject, feel free to use the Quizlet cards that i have created by following the link below.
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