The Respiratory System
The respiratory system is another transport system in the human body. It takes the oxygen that helps to fuel our bodies and transports it into our blood stream while taking carbon dioxide out of the bloodstream and expelling it from our bodies. The respiratory system is made of many different parts, including the nostrils, our sinuses, the pharynx, the larynx, the epiglottis, the trachea, the lungs, the bronchi, the bronchioles, the alveoli, the pleura, and the diaphragm.
Short Disease List for the Respiratory System
Emphesema: This is a respiratory disease that cause the infected patient to retain excess amounts of CO2, have difficulty breathing, develop a barrel chest, and have difficulty processing nutrients. It is a type of COPD that causes difficulty breathing.
Asthma: This is a respiratory abnormality that is most often found in pediatric patients. When a person has asthma, the Bronhcioles constrict and restrict a patients ability to breathe.
Chronic Bronchitis: When a patient has Chronic Bronchitis they have a mucus buildup on the lining of their lungs. Because of this buildup, A person affected with this disease will have a lowered oxygen saturation (level of oxygen in the blood), a chronic cough, and will become cyanotic (turn blue) at times.
TB: This is a lung infection that is most common in third world countries where people have been immunocompromized and live in close quarters. It is extremely contagious and is contracted by inhaling droplets.
Respiratory Viruses: Such viruses include the Common Cold and Influenza (the flu). These are respiratory infections that are caused by viruses.
Interstitial Lung Disease: This is a cluster of diseases that ultimately cause scarring in the lung tissue. It can affect the body's ability to receive oxygen. (http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/interstitial-lung-disease/basics/definition/con-20024481)
Cystic Fibrosis: This is a life threatening disease that damages the respiratory system and the digestive system. When people genetically contract this disease, the mucus in their lungs clogs up their systems instead of lubricating it, causing blockages in airways that severely effect breathing. (http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cystic-fibrosis/basics/definition/con-20013731)
Lung Cancer: This is a cancerous respiratory disease that occurs when cancer cells begin to form in the lungs. Currently, it is the leading cause of death by cancer in the United States. (http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lung-cancer/basics/definition/CON-20025531)
Byssinosis: This is a lung disease that is cause by extended extended exposure to dust from things like cotton processing. After extended exposure, smaller airways become blocked. (http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/byssinosis/understanding-byssinosis.html)
Histoplasmosis: This is a lung disease that is caused by inhaling fungi spores from the fungus histoplasma capsulatum. There are different forms of this disease. The less dangerous strain is similar to the flu, and the more dangerous strain resembles TB. (http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/histoplasmosis/)
And Now...A Short Skit About A Disease In The Respiratory System!!
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